gynaecologist consult the women for PCOS gynaecologist consult the women for PCOS
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Doctor's Note

Dr. Swati Rai (MBBS, MS-OB/GYN, DNB, FMAS and DMAS)

Consultant Gynecologist & Obstetricians

“Women empowerment means empowering the family and the nation. There are many facets of a woman's life and we should help her at every stage of her life. As a Gynecologist and Obstetrician, my priority is to empower women and provide them with the best possible treatment through awareness of various female health issues, and the anatomy of their bodies. Me and my team are dedicated to providing state-of-the-art gynecological and medical services and treatments to every woman and adolescent.”

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PCOS Treatment

PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) is a common hormonal disorder that causes cysts on ovaries, irregular periods, and symptoms such as acne and excessive hair growth. It can also lead to infertility and long-term health risks.

Symptoms of PCOS:
  •  Irregular or absent menstrual periods: PCOS can cause irregular or absent periods, or heavy bleeding.
  •  Excessive hair growth (hirsutism): High levels of androgen can cause excessive hair growth on the face, chest, back, or stomach.
  •  Acne or oily skin: High levels of androgen can cause acne or oily skin.
  •  Weight gain or difficulty losing weight: PCOS can cause weight gain or make it difficult to lose weight, particularly in the abdominal area.
  •  Thinning hair or hair loss on the scalp: High levels of androgen can cause thinning hair or hair loss on the scalp.
  •  Darkening of the skin, particularly on the neck, underarms, and groin: High levels of insulin can cause darkening of the skin, particularly on the neck, underarms, and groin, this is also known as Acanthosis Nigricans.
  •  Pelvic pain or pressure: Ovarian cysts can cause pelvic pain or pressure.
  •  Infertility or difficulty getting pregnant: PCOS can cause infertility or difficulty getting pregnant due to the ovulation problems.
  •  Anxiety or depression: PCOS can cause emotional symptoms such as anxiety or depression.
  •  Fatigue: Due to hormonal imbalances, women with PCOS may experience fatigue.
  •  Headaches: Hormonal imbalances can cause headaches.
  •  Sleep Apnea: Some studies have found a link between PCOS and sleep apnea, a disorder that causes breathing to stop and start during sleep.
  •  Skin tags: These are small, benign growths that can appear on the skin, they are more common in women with PCOS.
  •  Ovarian cysts: The presence of multiple small cysts on the ovaries is a characteristic of PCOS.
  •  Insulin resistance, metabolic disorders and increased risk of type 2 diabetes: PCOS can cause insulin resistance which can lead to metabolic disorders and increased risk of type 2 diabetes.

Treatment of PCOS:
  • Lifestyle changes: Eating a healthy diet, regular exercise, and maintaining a healthy weight can help improve symptoms of PCOS.
  •  Medications:  
    • Birth control pills: This can help regulate periods and reduce excessive hair growth.  
    • Metformin: It is a diabetes medication that can help regulate blood sugar levels and improve ovulation. Anti-androgen medications: These can help reduce the levels of androgen and improve hirsutism and acne. Clomiphene citrate: This medication can help stimulate ovulation and improve fertility. 
  • Assisted reproductive technologies: Some women with PCOS may require assisted reproductive technologies, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) to become pregnant. 
  • Surgery: Surgery may be an option for women with PCOS who have large ovarian cysts or who do not respond to other treatments.
It's important to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for you, as each individual's case may vary.